Permaculture is making a lot of buzz these days. When we talk about taking action for the world climate crisis, there are many aspects and actions that everyone talks about. Living in a certain way to lead a lifestyle that is less burden to the environment, returning all the resources back to nature, and choosing conscious things over the products that have a huge impact on the climate are a few of the many steps we need to consciously adhere to lead a life that is less resource consuming.

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Permaculture principle

One promising idea behind the environmental philosophies is PERMACULTURE. Permaculture is kind of a tool kit or an approach which not only tells us how to deal with so many environmental challenges but also tells us to adapt and thrive into the ever-changing, transforming world.


So initially the idea behind Permaculture came from two differently derived notions. PERMANENT AGRICULTURE AND PERMANENT CULTURE. Agriculture that is regenerative, growing, and working in the rotational direction. It also dealt with the community and cultural aspects to kind of work together for sustainable living. The ideology behind permaculture is to thrive, redesign and rethink the respective community and live life seamlessly with the natural cycles and environment.

Permaculture talks about working with nature through agriculture and not against it. It is not only better for human health but also better for natural resources like land, water, soil, and surroundings. So basically permaculture works among three aspects of people, planet, and changes of system, environment, and ecology. Permaculture builds a living on a community level to work with the people, its land, and system changes.


There are three major ethics and requirements that permaculture focusses and works on :


Caring for the earth and concern and care for people living in, is straightforward in terms of building a community that cares and nurtures the earth and the people coexisting with each other. Fair share is a practice that emphasis basically on collectively sustaining things that the earth has provided us. It talks about ONE EARTH having limited resources be it food, soil, water, minerals, nutrients, time, or money; we need to thrive, share and use it wisely to sustain it for many many years to come and live and not deplete them for our future generations to come. Fair share also talks about using the resources and returning back to the earth.

permaculture ethics

Permaculture ethics – These ethics are the basis for all the permaculturists to rebuild and transform their local systems and communities.

EARTH CARE – Protection of biodiversity and the ecology

PEOPLE CARE – Focusing on self-reliant and thriving communities for human well-being.

FAIR SHARE – Conscious and shared consumption of resources and distribution of abundance for the future development of humans and the environment.


1 . OBSERVE AND INTERACT – Observe and interact is the first principle of permaculture. it focuses on the fact that before making any decision and change, give yourself time to observe and understand the environment around you. Try to build an interaction with your local ecology before you decide to take a step forward. take your time to understand the locality and then react to it.

2 . CATCH AND STORE ENERGY – The second principle talks about the fact of collecting renewable energy for self-independent. Store and catch the natural energy when it is in abundance and use it when it is in scarcity. Be it biomass, solar energy, wind energy, flowing water, irrigation, etc. Make the most of it and catch the renewable to cut down non-renewables.

3 . OBTAIN A YIELD – The third principle talks about SELF RELIANCE. Receive an outcome of the input given. Reap what you sowed. This focuses on obtaining the seasonal harvests, yielding the local fruits and vegetables, thriving trees from the plant, preserving diverse yields for building material, collecting nector of honey, fuels, food growing, flowers blooming. This principle talks about receiving the outcomes.

4 . SELF REGULATE – This principle talks about accepting feedback and ensuring that the systems are working properly without any hindrances for generations to come. Living simply, consciously, limiting our consumption, regumating and checking on ourselves, our responsibility, learning from all the success and failures, rething and evaluating what is working and what is not.

5 . USE AND VALUE RENEWABLES – This talks about the most important factor for all the hush in the world and currently the most important crises, depleting non-renewable resources. this principle focuses on natural resources and services to sustain and not depend on non-renewables like coal, gas, oil to live a life. Be it storing renewable energy or fishing, pollinating bees or planting trees to hold water down the hill, or making regenerative agriculture practices. It simply talks about non-reliance on non-renewables.


6 . PRODUCE NO WASTE – Basic for sustainability. Reducing out waste. good management starts from home and this holds true in the form of the 6th principle of permaculture that waste of one part of the activity should be the food of other. This works wonderfully for COMPOSTING. Then this also leads to follow 5 R’S of REFUSE, REDUCE, REUSE, REPURPOSE, REPAIR/RECYCLE and save peoples workmanship.

7 . DESIGN FROM PATTERNS TO DETAILS – This principle talks about adaptability. No two conditions are the same, no two seasons are the same. No two times are the same. Nature evolves and adapts and so do we. First, we study the climate, ecology, topography, location, weather and then paint a vision, conceptualize a sketch that is sustainable and adaptable to different evolving and changing scenarios and then design based on that. Detail and development come from pattern and observation.

8 . INTEGRATE RATHER THAN SEGREGATE – This principle talks about unity and collective effort to build a community and a system and rise from a personal interest to community systems. this focuses on interconnected systems, community work, sharing workmanship, holding and helping on each other and pretty much sums it up to many hand to get work done quick, effective and durable.

9 . USE SMALL, SLOW SOLUTIONS – This focuses on small-scale planning and small targets to achieve big results. This principle primarily focuses on easy, slow, and small systems to design, build and benefit from; for better sustainable outcomes rather than planning a long complicated game, long awaiting future results, the delayed solution to receiving big benefits later when it’s not needed.

10. USE AND VALUE DIVERSITY – This principle focuses on rotational grazing of animals, more trees and gardens, fish to the pond, and adding diversity in the ecosystem.this talks on the lines that if there is diversity, the system is prepared for wider conflicts and conditions and work as a protective shield against all odds. Diversity in abundance, surrounding humans with many other ecological conditions, because if one system fails, the other retains.


11 . USE EDGES AND VALUE THE MARGINAL – This principle talks about using the edges and valuing them. Making edible shrubs and creating edges into habitat zones is the basis for this principle.

12 . CREATIVE USE AND RESPOND TO CHANGE – This principle opens its wings to change. Change that might disturb you. Change that might disrupt the cycles you have created and change that might help you evolve, accept and progress. This principle talks about taking these ecological and system changes positively and responding to them in a creative and enhancing manner for positive impact.


There are three basic shifts one needs to make if one needs to accept and practice permaculture other than the above-mentioned things.

  • The shift from an industrial-led lifestyle to a more natural and natural friendly community living.
  • Shift from consumption centric attitude to community-oriented lifestyle
  • Materialistic perspective to ethical interaction to nature

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Permaculture is kind of opposite to monoculture. Development of human civilization moved along upward curve, as agricultural techniques allowed higher yield for less input, letting populations grow and freeing manpower to do other things (like construction, technological advances and warfare). Modern agriculture is highly mechanized, focusing on producing one type of plant or animal food, trying to maximize outputs and minimizing inputs for profit. It is also breaking ecological cycles, degrading soils, relying heavily on fertilizers and abundance of water, drought and flood inducing, unsustainable and not profitable.

Permaculture or regenerative agriculture is all about maximizing outputs by working with nature; learning, understanding, and mimicking natural cycles; building soils and abundance of life. It is also trying to bring people closer to nature, or vice versa: nature closer to people, by making them more involved with natural cycles and where their nutrients are coming from. Permaculturists pass the wealth of knowledge gained, but they’re being left behind by technologically advancing world around them.


  • Protecting the earth’s resources.
  • Promoting biodiversity and preserving wildlife.
  • Organic produce and yields.
  • Local and seasonal upliftment.
  • Boosting health and wellness
  • Saving space and land use.



Permaculture is self-reliance. Not relying on big industries and government for food and energy, while taking care of the environment. Permaculture not only focussed on agriculture but building a whole self sustained ecosystem, repair damaged land & soil , ponds, and vegetation, wildlife, wind topography, sustainable living. Permaculture is a way of system of agricultural and cultural principles utilizing the patterns and behavior seen in natural surroundings.

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