We live in a very fragile world and are absolutely helpless when it comes to natural disasters. Needless to say that natural disasters have been always there and but can we question the severity and the frequency of the natural disaster to a level of making it a sort of man-made disasters. We can’t ignore the fact that humans are not doing any good for the environment.
The world is going through a tough time. As much as there are natural disasters happening around the world there are events of terrorism, civil wars, humanitarian crises, refuge crises, explosions, viruses spreading, civil unrest, ignorant explosions, etc. Why on earth we would want to contribute to something that is resulting in human loss, property loss, wildlife loss, and overall grief and sadness.
There have been so many instances where the experts have questioned the intensity of human activities having an impact on the severity of natural disasters. Aggressive and impulsive human activities can lead to so many interconnected events and conditions that lead to natural disasters and we can see that.
Let us see how small actions by humans as collective practices for human settlement and survival are leading to what we can say man-made natural disasters.
WHAT ARE NATURAL DISASTERS AND WHAT IS HAPPENING CURRENTLY
Natural disasters are tragic and fatal events with atmospheric, geological, and hydrological origins (e.g. droughts, earthquakes, floods, hurricanes, landslides) that can cause fatalities, property damage, and social environmental disruption, human loss, and disturbance in biodiversity.
Now what is happening is that we as humans are contributing to it. Be it excessive burning of fossil fuels which causes rising emissions. The excessive burning of coal, oil, and gas produces carbon dioxide and nitrous oxide. Another thing is the cutting down trees and forests (deforestation). Trees help to regulate the climate by absorbing CO2 from the atmosphere. So when they are cut down, that beneficial effect is lost and the carbon stored in the trees is released into the atmosphere, adding to the greenhouse effect.
READ HERE : WHAT IS CLIMATE CHANGE
We are also so much dependent on the increased adaptability of livestock farming. Cows, sheep, goats, pigs, poultry produce large amounts of methane in the environment when they digest their food. The Fertilizers we aggressively sprinkle contain nitrogen which produces nitrous oxide emissions. Landfill waste – produces methane. CO2 is the greenhouse gas most commonly produced by human activities and it is responsible for 64% of man-made global warming. Its concentration in the atmosphere is currently 40% higher than it was when industrialization began.
Other greenhouse gases are emitted in smaller quantities, but they trap heat far more effectively than CO2, and in some cases are thousands of times stronger. Methane is responsible for 17% of man-made global warming, nitrous oxide for 6% and this collecting global warming leads to disturbing the whole ecological concept and formulation of the perfect working of the earth difficut and hence there is a increased risk of natural disasters.
READ MORE : ACTIONS TO TAKE RIGHT NOW TO STOP CLIMATE CHANGE
TYPE OF NATURAL DISASTERS
WHY HUMAN ACTIVITIES CAN INCREASE THE RISK OF NATURAL DISASTERS
Human activities are adding to enormous amounts of greenhouse gases to those naturally occurring in the atmosphere, increasing the greenhouse effect and global warming.
SEE HOW HUMANS CONTRIBUTE TO NATURAL DISASTERS
When the greenhouse gases rise, the glaciers in the Antarctic, arctic and polar regions starts to melt. Much of this melting ice contributes to sea-level rise. When the sea levels are rise, there are excessive floods.
When the sea level becomes high and the air becomes warm, the wind becomes strong as the air is heavier and has more energy. When the wind becomes strong, there is the bigger possibility of the typhoon, cyclones, hurricanes, and tornadoes becoming stronger.
So the typhoon or also called cyclone or hurricane and other storms are likely to become stronger. Also when the temperatures rise, the wildlife and their habitats are on the move and are affected. When they are on the move it automatically affects the food chain and natural cycles.
When there is more heat, there is more Precipitation (rain and snowfall) which has increased across the globe, on average which disrupts the crop increase and production which causes famine. Yet some regions being so hot experience more severe drought and more the heat, more the chances of dry forest catching and increasing the risk of wildfires, lost crops, and drinking water shortages.
When there are floods, storms, and tsunami, less fresh water will be available, since glaciers store about three-quarters of the world’s freshwater. Ecosystems will continue to change and some species won’t be able to adapt and could become extinct.
This is a interconnected circle and we cant be so ignorant to not relate it to the happenings around the world.
NATURAL DISASTER 2020
HUMAN ACTIVITIES THAT INCREASES THE RISK OF NATURAL DISASTERS
Inappropriate Land-use Policies
Greenhouse charged weather system
Emissions of greenhouse gases and sulfate aerosols.
Greenhouse emissions from burning fuels
Ecologically suicidal and inhumane economic policies and practices
Use of technologies for mining methods from hard to get fossil fuels
Aggressive agriculture and monoculture
Agressive pumping underground into porous rocks
Growing crops on steep erodible land
Building houses on vulnerable sites
Construction of earth-destabilizing roads or dams
Forming of Industrial “brown clouds” of particulate matter and chemical aerosols
Irrigating in the wrong places likely for collapse.
Excessive natural-gas drilling
Injection of fluids into earth for oil and gas formations
Groundwater extraction and upstream damming causing deltas to sink.
Construction on embankments of rivers
Blast to explode mountains for roads formation disrupting the natural tectonic plates are some of the many human activities that are worrisome.
HUMAN ACTIONS THAT CAN BE TAKEN TO REDUCE NATURAL DISASTERS
Be conscious of the environment
Reducing the dependency on fossil fuels
Unsettled urban development
Planting more forests, more trees
Proper planning of the land use
Less man-made aggressively un-planned structures
Use of renewable energy resources
Investing in organic food/ farming
Growing or grazing your own food
Following regenerative agricultural practices
Stopping the use of synthetic pesticides and chemicals on crops
Limiting the dependency on industrial productions
Relying on natural resources and products
Going natural and simple
Earth’s climate has constantly been changing — even long before humans came into the picture. However, scientists have observed unusual changes recently. For example, Earth’s average temperature has been increasing much more quickly than they would expect over the past 150 years.
When human activities create greenhouse gases, the earth warms. This matters because oceans, land, air, plants, animals, and energy from the Sun all have an effect on one another. The combined effects of all these things give us our global climate. In other words, Earth’s climate functions like one big, connected system and the least we can do to not interfere with the beautiful cycle that we have been gifted with. This is to say the least. Natural disasters are natural but we must definitely not contribute to the severity and make it worse.